My Urban Car

MyUrbanCar Top Tesla Model 3 tips for new UK owners

We think Tesla Model 3 is probably the best Tesla and probably the best EV. We’ve got some tips to help you make the most of it and find a way round its quirks

General Tips

Regen breaking

Please please always set this to on or in “normal” mode. By using your electric motors as brakes when you take your foot off the accelerator you

  • Soon find its a better more relaxing way to drive and for much of the time you will rarely need to use the brake pedal at all
  • you’ll get more range because your braking energy goes back in the battery
  • you’ll make the air cleaner. Brake pads produce particulate emissions that go into peoples lungs (and even the bloodstream) and causes harm to many parts of the human body. Using the motors is not polluting
  • you’ll save money on maintenance as your brake pads will last many times longer.

If something doesn’t work on your Model 3

Some people have referred to the Model 3 as a “computer on wheels”. Like a computer if something doesn’t work then rebooting the Model 3 is the first port of call to fix it. To reboot just push both scroll wheels on your steering wheel when parked. You can even do this while driving but you do lose the screen with all info and controls so best to wait or at least when stuck in traffic.

Over the air updates

You will quickly discover that the free updates via WiFi provide great updates that add features, fix issues and even boost range or performance. Usually updates arrive every couple of weeks but sometimes 2 will arrive in 2 days. Some will be major and describe new features. Some will be minor.

The model 3 needs wifi to download software. In my experience even on phones that off a wifi hotspot the Tesla is reluctant to download updates, Different phones may work.. mine is IOS on an up to date Iphone.

Connecting to home wifi may be easy.. or like me you may have a house with no driveway, street parking & a small front garden. In this case if you find that even parked in the street outside is too weak. Top tip.. if it definitely won’t connect facing in one direction turn the car to face in the opposite direction! My own model 3 will only consistently connect and download when the passenger side (left side) is closest to the home wifi router. Once a download is complete you will be asked to install it..which takes up to half an hr. You can do this from inside the car but its much easier to do it via the app. You don’t have to be near the car. Just pick a time when the car won’t be needed for up to 40 mins..usually less.

If spotify doesn’t work

When using the search for music make sure you’ve selected spotify first.
An issue that may have been resolved via update is if it won’t search or won’t play on Spotify then flicking to your phone as an audio source then back again can get things moving again (unless you’re in an area with no data connection!)
If your Model 3 comes with 12 months Spotify included and you do not need to log in. If you have Spotify anyway then you may want to login to connect to your selection of music.

Cleaning your wipers

Like on any car leaves or muck can settle around wipers sometimes but the because they are tucked close under the bonnet cleaning is tricky. Luckily if you click on the service and maintenance tab there is a wiper service option which parks the wipers in an easier spot for cleaning.

Auto wipers

The auto wipers weren’t very effective on but an update has sorted this. They now work so effectively that you will rarely need to use the manual control.
If you do need to adjust to manual wiper control then a quick push on the left column stalk (same button you hold for a wash/ wipe) gives a single wipe and also puts manual wiper options on screen for you. Handy

Auto lights

Like many cars the Model 3 likes putting dipped beam headlamps on when its sunny or in fact whenever you start a drive even in daylight or night. Hopefully Tesla will figure out a solution but in the meantime if you see lights come on at the wrong time switch from auto to off or sidelights manually under “driving”. Annoyingly this resets every time you switch off. Using the headlights when not needed will cut your range.

Navigation

The car uses google maps. This is a great feature. It means for most destinations other than a private house you can simply type the name of a hotel or business or doctors surgery and you don’t need postcodes or addresses.
Navigating to chargers (mainly Tesla ones) just means putting your finger anywhere on the map and then selecting the electric charger symbol. Once you do all the nearest Tesla chargers are listed inc your battery charge on arrival. The system in UK is still very limited for non Tesla chargers but new updates will change this over time.

Speed limits

Its worth noting that many speed limits have changed in the UK in the last 3 years and google maps on the Model 3 seemed to be clueless about these changes. It also doesn’t know about 50mph limits on Motorway roadworks or variable speed limit signs on smart motorways either. Do not rely on the speed limit sign in the car on motorways.

The good news is in September 2020 after an update Model 3s now reads speeds signs. For now (in UK) this only works on local roads but we have to assume reading Motorway signs isn’t far behind and will be a big step forward.

Bear in mind the car registers the change of limit when you pass the sign. This is likely to mean that as you pass a 30 mph sign you could be doing more like 60mph than 30 mph.
I need to double check this but this means on cruise control in a county like Bedfordshire with a penchant for using forward facing speed cameras just past the sign you could land a hefty ticket! No doubt a future update ensure you slow down to the correct limit by the time you reach the sign!

Setting cruise control speed – New!

A November 2020 update finally resolves another Model 3 issue that had been really annoying – when you turn on cruise control it would always be set to the speed limit not current speed. This was even more annoying when the car didn’t know the correct limit – eg turning on cruise on motorway roadworks as car will tries to accelerate 70mph by default (unless the path is blocked by a vehicle in front)

Now finally you can set current current speed as your default which, for most drivers, is what you want do do. All you need to do is go to the “autopilot” tab. Just choose “set speed” as “current speed”

Even having set this as a default you can press on the speed sign while driving to change the cars cruise speed to speed limit when needed.

Luggage

With a big boot, more space under the boot and a handy frunk as well the Model 3 is very practical. If you’re a towny that likes walks in the country the frunk if perfect for walking boots and wellies ( in bags to keep it clean!)

Charging ⚡️

Tesla Superchargers

Buying a Tesla gives you sole access to the Supercharger network in the UK. They usually have at least 8 stalls and they are the best rated chargers for ease of use, speed and reliability. Your car map will tell you how many are available.

Tips for a faster charge

  1. For 150kW chargers & below look at the number of each charger and which are a or b as you arrive
  2. if there are spaces that aren’t next to another car choose them
  3. Always choose the chargers labelled “a” not “b” when you can

Why? On 150kW and below each charger pair eg 9a and 9b share a 150kW supply. If both are in use they share this between them but “a” stalls usually get more.

Fastest way to charge on long journeys

Both your Tesla app and the car allow you to set how much to charge the battery.
Tip
On many routes there will be a string of Tesla Superchargers on your way. It is quicker to stop more often for a quick 15 to 20 min charge up to 70 or 80% than to stop less and charge to 100%
Why?
Charging is quickest when the battery is between 10% and 60% full. After that is becomes progressively slower. The difference can be big.. over 100 miles of range in 10 mins at peak compared with under 10 miles at the end of a 100% charge.

EV database has put this on a charge curve graph. Here is the dual motor long range as an example

When to charge to 100%

Times when it makes sense to charge to 100% are:

  • before a long journey
  • if you need it to reach the next Supercharger (best assume a 50% safely margin so allow 150 miles range for a 100 mile journey)
  • if its the last supercharger before you enter an area of slower public charging

Tesla destination chargers

These are much slower and are usually in hotels, restaurants and other destination. As far a I know the establishment always has the right to limit these for their own customers. Phone and ask politely if in doubt – most are helpful and one was happy to let me charge around miles worth as long as I bought a cup of tea!

Locking your Model 3 Top Tip 🔒

Safely leaving passengers in your Model 3 when you leave vehicle – Please read!

The Model 3 automatically locks and engages your alarm when you (Or rather your mobile phone) walk away from the car. Very handy but surprisingly this happens even when you nip into a shop leaving wives, kids and mother-in-laws inside. Quite quickly the alarm will go off.
The Model 3 alarm includes a playing a deafening level of a heavy metal type music inside the car. To avoid coming back to shaken passengers with ears ringing use dog mode or camp mode when you are going to leave the car. Accessed on via the climate menu they not only keep the car at temperature- they disable the alarm till you get back!

One thing that prevents the car locking

Rather embarrassingly I rang Tesla when my model 3 wouldn’t lock. Turned out I’d pressed to boot release then forgot..leaving it open. If the car doesn’t lock check boot and doors are properly closed!

Range & power consumption

The basics

Your model 3 gives you a standard range figure based on Tesla’s average power consumption. On the dual motors thats likely to be 250 watts per mile as on my Model 3. In some situations my car actually consumes anything from 180kW to 350kW. In my first 4,000 mainly winter miles the average has been 280kW.
Power consumption will be up (and range down) at higher motorway speeds, when you use aircon, heating, lights and wipers, and in cold weather.
Power consumption can be very low in warmer months without ac, downhill and on A roads and in motorway speed restrictions!

The Energy graph

  • This takes up your map area on your screen so not ideal to keep up when you navigate but it has 2 modes
  • Consumption gives you a big graph. There are 2 horizontal lines one of which is dotted. One shows the Tesla expected consumption eg 250W per mile and one shows your actual consumption.. On one side it also tells your watts per mile over the last 5, 15 or 30 miles and at the other end an accurate estimate of your range based on that. Because this range is based on how much power you are actually using on this drive it is more accurate than the main Tesla range indicator
  • Trip is much simpler. It shows what % of battery you have now and predicts how much you are predicted to have at your destination as a % of the battery.

Use the “cards” tab – wipers/trip/tyre pressures

The “cards” tab on the bottom right of the screen is handy for lots of things. By swishing left or right you get easy access to some useful stuff without navigating through menus including:

  • If you want to set wiper speed manually it’s here. Pressing the button at the end of the indicator brings it to the front.
  • The trip meter. Doesn’t sound that exciting but the trip meter is the best way to keep an eye on your energy consumption when on the road. Scrolling up and down gives consumption on this leg of a trip, since you charged, since you reset the trip meter and finally since the car was new. As a rule of thumb on a dual motor
  • 250W per mile matches the Tesla average figure
  • 270-280W per mile is what you should get on the motorway in summer at around 70mph
  • 290-350W per mile means you’re using more power because of speed or because higher power consumption of heating or aircon or outside temperature is cold. Remember at this level your range may be reduced from 300 mile to nearer 230!
  • The tyre pressures are shown here.. swish right I think. They only work after you have started driving.

The Tesla App

App features you probably know about

The Tesla app has lots of features including:

  • locking
  • showing charging info and adjusting how full you want the battery and opening unlocking and opening your charge port
  • booking a service
  • turning on climate to heat or cool the car before you get in.

App features you might not expect

  • Top of the list is (apart from summon which has to connect on Bluetooth under EU regs!) your phone app connects to the car via mobile data connection. So you don’t have to be anywhere near the car to use them
  • For example.. say a friend wants to drop off a parcel for you and you are on a train 40 miles away.. you can open the rear boot (wouldn’t recommend the frunk as it’s more awkward to close), they can put the item in the boot, close it and then you can lock it again.
  • If you go into “controls” top left is “Vent”. Try clicking on it when you’re near the vehicle. You’ll see all 4 windows drop. This means you can cool the car on a hot day before you reach it. You’ll see the button on the app now says close. So if you wonder if a window was left open on your Model 3 the app will tell you and you can close it.. from anywhere.. on the train.. in an airport lounge.. on the other side of the world.
  • Sentry mode is the security feature that uses the cameras on the Model 3 to record suspicious activity. It works well but saps a lot of energy when active. I used it at Gatwick parking and lots around 100 miles of range in a week. Thanks to the app I saw my range getting smaller and turned off sentry mode.. while I was in France!
  • If you are planning to go somewhere in your Tesla then you can look up on your destination in google maps at home beforehand using any mobile device that has the Tesla app installed (this includes Tablets like ipads). Once you click on directions then click on the “…” next to the box saying current location you can send your destination to your car Navigation so when you get in its all ready to go.
  • If you used a Tesla owners referral code before you ordered you car you will have got free charging expressed in miles, usually 1,000 miles, sometimes more. Click on the treasure chest on the top right of the front app menu and it will update you on how many free charging miles you have left before you need to pay & when your miles expire. If a friend uses your code to order a Tesla you will get extra miles.

David Nicholson

David Nicholson Is the founder of Rivergecko Ltd & MyUrbanCar which provide consultancy and advice for drivers and fleets to speed the transition from dirty fossil fuel transport to clean vehicles powered by renewable energy on land water and air.

The @MyUrbanCar twitter feed is a source of news & reviews of electric & plugin cars and vans in the UK.
The @rivergecko twitter feed & www.myurbancar.com websites bring news and opinion on cleantech transport including cars, vans, buses, trucks, shipping, rail & aviation as well as autonomous vehicles & renewable energy, air pollution & motor industry news.

David Nicholson has worked as an underwriter at Lloyd's of London since the 1980's. His interest in technology goes back many years including interactive mapping, apps, green tech, boats, solar and cars.